Why Do Some Men use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent it?

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This report shares findings from UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific, undertaken by Partners for Prevention, a joint program of four United Nations agencies—the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women and United Nations Volunteers. 10,000 men and 3,000 women participated in the study, making it the largest multi-country data set on men’s perpetration of violence against women conducted so far.

Recommendations “include entry points for change” with specific policy and program strategies highlighted for a variety of sectors such as; education, health care, legal and justice and labor. Suggestions include activities that promote coal and gender norm transformation. “Sustainable development, peace and security can only be achieved when caring and respectful relations among women, men, boys and girls become the norm.”


  • To better understand men’s use of different forms of violence against women (specifically, intimate partner violence and non-partner rape) in the Asia–Pacific region
  • To assess men’s own experience of violence as well as their perpetration of violence against other men and how it relates to the perpetration of violence against women.
  • To identify factors associated with men’s perpetration of different forms of violence against women; to promote evidence-based policies and programs to prevent violence against women.

Findings and recommendations from this study can help public health and prevention workers better understand gender based violence including factors associated with male violence directed at their female partners. Recommendations can inform the development of more effective prevention programming.

No distribution restrictions. The findings from this study are grouped into themes, presented by country and adjusted by site, and includes recommendations for prevention strategies. It may be used by organizations and communities as a resource for planning approaches that will address the factors most closely associated with gender based attitudes and men’s perpetration of violence.

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